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Industrie 4.0 et 4e révolution industrielle

Quel est Industrie 4.0 et 4e révolution industrielle?

“The changes are so profound that, from the perspective of human history, there has never been a time of greater promise or potential peril.”

 

― Klaus Schwab, The Fourth Industrial Revolution

   
La quatrième révolution industrielle est une révolution technologique “blurring the lines between the physical, digital, and biological spheres.” Also known as 4IR, this Fourth Industrial Revolution is well underway, and its effects are being felt across every major industry.
   
Continuez à lire pendant que nous définissons la quatrième révolution industrielle, explorons les technologies 4IR et discutons de l'impact de la quatrième révolution industrielle sur la fabrication à travers une variété de cas d'utilisation. Il est temps de s'adapter ou de mourir car le secteur manufacturier évolue. Es-tu?
 

Qu'est-ce que 4IR (la quatrième révolution industrielle) ?

 
Le terme a été inventé en 2016 par Klaus Schwab, le fondateur de la Forum économique mondial, lors de la réunion annuelle de l'organisation. Plus tard, Schwab a écrit un Blog on the subject as well as a highly influential book–La quatrième révolution industrielle–which describes “a technological revolution that will fundamentally alter the way we live, work, and relate to one another.”

Unifiez la fabrication et les ventes en utilisant CPQ Technologie

La technologie a progressé plus rapidement que les processus commerciaux pour les fabricants, et il est temps de rétablir l'équilibre.

Today, the Fourth Industrial Revolution is taken to mean the digital transformation of the manufacturing industry by new technologies like artificial intelligence, additive manufacturing, augmented/virtual reality, and the IoT (Internet of Things.) It also refers to advances in connectivity that give rise to “usines intelligentes ”–fully connected cyber-physical systems that merge the physical and digital realms (more like ecosystems than linear value chains.)
 
Industrie 4.0 According to Klaus Schwab, the Fourth Industrial Revolution is leading to a “supply-side miracle.” There’ll be long-term gains in efficiency and productivity, lower transportation and communication costs, and more efficient logistics and supply chains, all of which will drive economic growth in the manufacturing sector.
Others within the World Economic Forum warn of the dark side of the Fourth Industrial Revolution–mass unemployment, AI systems smarter than us, cyber warfare, and an infinite number of other tangible and intangible threats that we can’t even conceptualize yet.
 
Nobody can predict how the Fourth Industrial Revolution will play out. But one thing’s for sure–the ball’s rolling. As the changes take hold and shape the future, the onus is on manufacturers to decide which digital technology (or technologies) they should adopt to remain competitive.
 
Le Forum économique mondial et McKinsey se sont associés pour guider les fabricants. ils ont établi Le réseau mondial des phares, une communauté d'installations de fabrication de classe mondiale qui incarnent les technologies et les principes de fabrication de la quatrième révolution industrielle.
 
These “Lighthouses” have been selected to serve as beacons for proactive manufacturers seeking to become Fourth Industrial Revolution leaders. It’s worth checking out to see if there are any examples in your industry.
 

Pourquoi le Quatrième Révolution industrielle?

 
La quatrième révolution industrielle bouleverse l’industrie à un rythme sans précédent, mais ce n’est évidemment pas la première fois que des progrès technologiques rapides entraînent des changements et des bouleversements généralisés. La quatrième révolution industrielle s’appuie sur trois révolutions industrielles qui l'a précédé :
 
  1. 4.0 Technologiele Première révolution industrielle started in Britain around 1760, spreading to Europe and the rest of the world through the early 1800s. It was primarily powered by steam and the steam engine. It enabled manufacturers to mechanize production for the first time, resulting in new manufacturing processes, bigger factories, a booming textile industry, and mass urbanization.
  2. La fin des années 1800 marque l'arrivée des Deuxième révolution industrielle, qui a vu la montée de la production de masse causée par l'avènement de l'acier, du pétrole et de l'électricité. Les principales inventions de l'époque comprennent l'ampoule électrique, le téléphone et le moteur à combustion interne.
  3. le Third Industrial Revolution, also called the “Digital Revolution,” occurred in the second half of the 20th century. Within a few decades, inventions like semiconductors, personal computers, and the internet changed how we work, live, and communicate forever.

Les technologies les plus importantes de la quatrième révolution industrielle

The Fourth Industrial Revolution is driven by a suite of advanced technologies (themselves powered by an unprecedented quantity of data) that have been advancing for decades. Opinions vary over which technologies should be included. Boston Consulting Group’s “Nine Pillars of Technological Advancement” is as a good model. We add a tenth pillar–artificial intelligence.
 
  • La fabrication additive – Also known as 3D printing, this process allows for rapid prototyping and “decentralized” digital manufacturing. Smaller production runs can be manufactured locally rather than relying on overseas factories with all the political, economic, and environmental risks that entail.
  • Quatrième-révolution-industrielle Robotique avancée – Today’s robots combine increasingly powerful hardware and sensor technology with highly sophisticated programming and machine learning capabilities. They can carry out tasks independently, with other robots and humans, learning and improving over time.
  • Analyse de données volumineuses – As our world goes digital, vast data reservoirs are generated and stored. This big data holds hidden secrets that promise to revolutionize our understanding of economics the human condition. We need big data analytics to extract these insights.
  • IA et apprentissage automatique – L’intelligence artificielle confère aux programmes et aux machines des capacités de prise de décision semblables à celles des humains. Ces capacités deviennent plus avancées grâce aux algorithmes d’apprentissage automatique et affinées au fil du temps avec l’exposition à des ensembles de données plus volumineux.
  • The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) – The IIoT (Industrial Internet or Industrial IoT) is the backbone of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. It refers to networks of sensors and connected devices that “talk” to one another, share data, and execute functions with or without human intervention.
  • Réalité augmentée et virtuelle – Augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) enable the creation of immersive and interactive experiences using digital simulations. In an online world, where buying often occurs at a distance, serving up products “virtually” has never been so crucial.
  • Simulation – Engineering will increasingly use 3D simulations in plant operations, leveraging real-time data to create virtual models of machines, products, and humans. This enables optimization of machine settings in the virtual world before physical implementation.
  • Horizontal and Vertical System Integration – Today's IT systems lack full integration, leaving companies, suppliers, customers, and even internal departments fragmented. Industry 4.0 promises a shift towards cohesive, cross-company data-integration networks, paving the way for automated value chains.
  • Cybersecurity – The increased connectivity of Industry 4.0 demands new, secure, reliable methods of communications and sophisticated identity and access management.
  • Le nuage – Cloud technologies facilitate the interconnectivity of devices, systems, and processes, enabling seamless data exchange across boundaries. They also provide scalable storage and computing power for handling the large volumes of data generated by Industry 4.0 technologies.

7 façons d'utiliser les technologies de la quatrième révolution industrielle dans votre entreprise

“The Fourth Industrial Revolution is still in its nascent state. But with the swift pace of change and disruption to business and society, the time to join in is now.”
 
Gary Coleman, Global Industry and Senior Client Advisor, Deloitte Consulting
 
La quatrième révolution industrielle améliore l'efficacité, préserve les ressources, augmente la rentabilité et améliore les expériences d'achat. Voici quelques cas d'utilisation :
 

1. Exploitez l’automatisation pour améliorer la productivité et l’efficacité des ressources.

 
Fourth Industrial Revolution technologies are automating sales processes (3D configuration and proposal automation), engineering (CAD and design automation), and the factory floor (artificial intelligence and robotics). Human employees are being freed to work on the parts of their jobs that are more, well, human.
 
Les commerciaux peuvent se concentrer sur l'établissement et le maintien de relations, les ingénieurs peuvent consacrer plus de temps à la R&D et les employés de l'atelier peuvent éviter les tâches répétitives, subalternes et dangereuses.
 

2. Utilisez des capteurs en réseau pour alimenter la maintenance prédictive sur les machines.

 
Networked sensors inside factory equipment can monitor machine performance, run diagnostics, and schedule “predictive maintenance.” The result: extended life expectancy for your machines, less downtime, less waste, and increased safety.
 

3. Créez des « jumeaux numériques » pour gagner du temps, de l'espace et des déchets.

 
Jumeaux numériques are virtual replicas of physical devices (such as machines) or systems (such as factories) that live in simulated environments. To accelerate R&D and save cost, engineers can conduct rapid testing on digital twins rather than physical prototypes, saving time and money in essais destructifs (tests effectués jusqu'à l'échec).
 

4. Build a connected and flexible “smart factory”–learn and adapt to an ever-changing world.

 
Plutôt que d’automatiser des tâches discrètes et linéaires, l’« usine intelligente » s’adapte fondamentalement à son environnement commercial interne et externe. Il surveille l'ensemble du processus de production, depuis réseaux d'approvisionnement to inventory, machines, individual workers, and tools, making continual data-driven adjustments to achieve specific goals.
 

5. Leverage cloud-based systems (cloud computing) to sync geographically distributed manufacturing facilities

 
Companies with geographically dispersed production facilities and weak analytics are particularly vulnerable to supply chain shocks. The cloud and SaaS solutions increase resilience to globally disruptive events by providing a remote single source of truth. This data repository is accessible from anywhere, any time, on any device, breaking down silos and enhancing collaboration across borders.
 

6. Utilisez la configuration des produits 3D pour personnaliser les produits et personnaliser les expériences à grande échelle.

 
From personalized sneakers to personalized medicines, demand for customized goods is booming. The rewards for manufacturers that can supply personalized goods are significant–“ leaders de la personnalisation ” connaissent une augmentation de 5 à 15 % de leurs revenus et une augmentation de 10 à 30 % du retour sur investissement marketing.
 
Mais la personnalisation peut être coûteuse. La personnalisation des produits signifie plus de pièces, plus de complexité et plus d'erreurs. Ou le fait-il ?
 
Visual product configuration makes configuring and personalizing complex products fast, easy, and accurate. Non-technical sales reps and end-customers can interact with 3D images on-screen to design highly technical products to their exact specifications. Product rules built into the back end of the software prevent mistakes, engineering inefficiencies, and production issues.
 

7. Rationalisez la collaboration entre les équipes de vente, d'ingénierie et de fabrication grâce à l'automatisation de la CAO et de la conception..

 
Engineering bottlenecks are another reason manufacturers steer clear of supplying customizable goods.
 
It’s all well-and-good sales teams using Fourth Industrial Revolution technologies like artificial intelligence and augmented reality to configure and sell products faster than ever. But without corresponding improvements in engineering efficiency, enhanced sales productivity only causes strain and delays downstream.
 
CAD and design automation solves this problem by automating the most time-consuming and repetitive engineering tasks. A visual Solution CPQ aimer Épicor CPQ auto-generates CAD files, technical drawings, BOMs, CNC cut sheets, and more. The entire end-to-end process is streamlined, from initial sales interaction to finished product, driving efficiency at every stage.
 

Les technologies les plus importantes de la quatrième révolution industrielle

 
Digital transformation is driving the introduction of Fourth Industrial Revolution technologies within manufacturing. But digital transformation itself isn’t about technology. Instead, it’s about using new technology to deliver the products and experiences that your customers are actively seeking.
 
Nous avons couvert quelques manières spécifiques que cela peut se produire, de l'augmentation CPQ processes to autonomous robots and AI-driven efficiency in the sales cycle and supply chain. However you plan for the future, ensure it’s about enhancing customer experiences–not just shiny new things.
 
“We must develop a comprehensive and globally shared view of how technology is affecting our lives and reshaping our economic, social, cultural, and human environments. There has never been a time of greater promise, or greater peril.”
 
Klaus Schwab, Founder and Executive Chairman, World Economic Forum

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