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Industrie 4.0 en de 4e industriële revolutie

Wat is Industrie 4.0 en de 4e industriële revolutie?

“The changes are so profound that, from the perspective of human history, there has never been a time of greater promise or potential peril.”

 

― Klaus Schwab, The Fourth Industrial Revolution

   
De Vierde Industriële Revolutie is een technologische revolutie “blurring the lines between the physical, digital, and biological spheres.” Also known as 4IR, this Fourth Industrial Revolution is well underway, and its effects are being felt across every major industry.
   
Blijf lezen terwijl we de Vierde Industriële Revolutie definiëren, 4IR-technologieën verkennen en bespreken hoe de Vierde Industriële Revolutie de productie heeft beïnvloed via een verscheidenheid aan gebruiksscenario's. Het is tijd om ons aan te passen of te sterven, want de productie verandert. Ben je?
 

Wat is 4IR (de vierde industriële revolutie)?

 
De term werd in 2016 bedacht door Klaus Schwab, de oprichter van de Wereld Economisch Forum, tijdens de jaarvergadering van de organisatie. Later schreef Schwab een blog on the subject as well as a highly influential book–De vierde industriële revolutie–which describes “a technological revolution that will fundamentally alter the way we live, work, and relate to one another.”

Verenig productie en verkoop met behulp van CPQ Technologie

De technologie is sneller gevorderd dan de bedrijfsprocessen voor fabrikanten, en het is tijd om de balans te herstellen.

Today, the Fourth Industrial Revolution is taken to mean the digital transformation of the manufacturing industry by new technologies like artificial intelligence, additive manufacturing, augmented/virtual reality, and the IoT (Internet of Things.) It also refers to advances in connectivity that give rise to “slimme fabrieken ”–fully connected cyber-physical systems that merge the physical and digital realms (more like ecosystems than linear value chains.)
 
Industrie 4.0 According to Klaus Schwab, the Fourth Industrial Revolution is leading to a “supply-side miracle.” There’ll be long-term gains in efficiency and productivity, lower transportation and communication costs, and more efficient logistics and supply chains, all of which will drive economic growth in the manufacturing sector.
Others within the World Economic Forum warn of the dark side of the Fourth Industrial Revolution–mass unemployment, AI systems smarter than us, cyber warfare, and an infinite number of other tangible and intangible threats that we can’t even conceptualize yet.
 
Nobody can predict how the Fourth Industrial Revolution will play out. But one thing’s for sure–the ball’s rolling. As the changes take hold and shape the future, the onus is on manufacturers to decide which digital technology (or technologies) they should adopt to remain competitive.
 
Het World Economic Forum en McKinsey hebben de handen ineen geslagen om fabrikanten te begeleiden. Ze hebben vastgesteld Het wereldwijde vuurtorennetwerk, een gemeenschap van toonaangevende productiefaciliteiten die de productietechnologieën en -principes van de vierde industriële revolutie belichamen.
 
These “Lighthouses” have been selected to serve as beacons for proactive manufacturers seeking to become Fourth Industrial Revolution leaders. It’s worth checking out to see if there are any examples in your industry.
 

Waarom The Vierde Industriële revolutie?

 
De Vierde Industriële Revolutie ontwricht de industrie in een ongekend tempo, maar het is duidelijk niet de eerste keer dat snelle technologische vooruitgang heeft geresulteerd in wijdverbreide veranderingen en onrust. De Vierde Industriële Revolutie bouwt voort op de top van drie industriële revoluties die eraan voorafging:
 
  1. 4.0 TechnologieDe Eerste industriële revolutie started in Britain around 1760, spreading to Europe and the rest of the world through the early 1800s. It was primarily powered by steam and the steam engine. It enabled manufacturers to mechanize production for the first time, resulting in new manufacturing processes, bigger factories, a booming textile industry, and mass urbanization.
  2. Het einde van de 19e eeuw markeerde de komst van de Tweede Industriële Revolutie, die de opkomst van massaproductie zag, veroorzaakt door de komst van staal, olie en elektriciteit. Belangrijke uitvindingen uit die tijd zijn de gloeilamp, de telefoon en de verbrandingsmotor.
  3. De Third Industrial Revolution, also called the “Digital Revolution,” occurred in the second half of the 20th century. Within a few decades, inventions like semiconductors, personal computers, and the internet changed how we work, live, and communicate forever.

De belangrijkste technologieën van de vierde industriële revolutie

The Fourth Industrial Revolution is driven by a suite of advanced technologies (themselves powered by an unprecedented quantity of data) that have been advancing for decades. Opinions vary over which technologies should be included. Boston Consulting Group’s “Nine Pillars of Technological Advancement” is as a good model. We add a tenth pillar–artificial intelligence.
 
  • Additieve productie – Also known as 3D printing, this process allows for rapid prototyping and “decentralized” digital manufacturing. Smaller production runs can be manufactured locally rather than relying on overseas factories with all the political, economic, and environmental risks that entail.
  • Vierde Industriële Revolutie Geavanceerde robotica – Today’s robots combine increasingly powerful hardware and sensor technology with highly sophisticated programming and machine learning capabilities. They can carry out tasks independently, with other robots and humans, learning and improving over time.
  • Big data-analyse – As our world goes digital, vast data reservoirs are generated and stored. This big data holds hidden secrets that promise to revolutionize our understanding of economics the human condition. We need big data analytics to extract these insights.
  • AI en machine learning – Kunstmatige intelligentie geeft programma’s en machines mensachtige besluitvormingsmogelijkheden. Deze mogelijkheden worden geavanceerder door machine learning-algoritmen en in de loop van de tijd verfijnd door blootstelling aan grotere datasets.
  • The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) – The IIoT (Industrial Internet or Industrial IoT) is the backbone of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. It refers to networks of sensors and connected devices that “talk” to one another, share data, and execute functions with or without human intervention.
  • Augmented en virtual reality – Augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) enable the creation of immersive and interactive experiences using digital simulations. In an online world, where buying often occurs at a distance, serving up products “virtually” has never been so crucial.
  • Simulation – Engineering will increasingly use 3D simulations in plant operations, leveraging real-time data to create virtual models of machines, products, and humans. This enables optimization of machine settings in the virtual world before physical implementation.
  • Horizontal and Vertical System Integration – Today's IT systems lack full integration, leaving companies, suppliers, customers, and even internal departments fragmented. Industry 4.0 promises a shift towards cohesive, cross-company data-integration networks, paving the way for automated value chains.
  • Cybersecurity – The increased connectivity of Industry 4.0 demands new, secure, reliable methods of communications and sophisticated identity and access management.
  • De wolk – Cloud technologies facilitate the interconnectivity of devices, systems, and processes, enabling seamless data exchange across boundaries. They also provide scalable storage and computing power for handling the large volumes of data generated by Industry 4.0 technologies.

7 manieren om technologieën van de vierde industriële revolutie in uw bedrijf te gebruiken

“The Fourth Industrial Revolution is still in its nascent state. But with the swift pace of change and disruption to business and society, the time to join in is now.”
 
Gary Coleman, Global Industry and Senior Client Advisor, Deloitte Consulting
 
De Vierde Industriële Revolutie stimuleert de efficiëntie, bespaart hulpbronnen, verhoogt de winstgevendheid en verbetert de koopervaringen. Hier zijn slechts een handvol use-cases:
 

1. Benut automatisering om de productiviteit en de hulpbronnenefficiëntie te verbeteren.

 
Fourth Industrial Revolution technologies are automating sales processes (3D configuration and proposal automation), engineering (CAD and design automation), and the factory floor (artificial intelligence and robotics). Human employees are being freed to work on the parts of their jobs that are more, well, human.
 
Verkopers kunnen zich concentreren op het vormen en onderhouden van relaties, ingenieurs kunnen meer tijd besteden aan R&D en werknemers op de werkvloer kunnen repetitieve, ondergeschikte en gevaarlijke banen vermijden.
 

2. Gebruik netwerksensoren om voorspellend onderhoud op machines mogelijk te maken.

 
Networked sensors inside factory equipment can monitor machine performance, run diagnostics, and schedule “predictive maintenance.” The result: extended life expectancy for your machines, less downtime, less waste, and increased safety.
 

3. Creëer "digitale tweelingen" om tijd, ruimte en afval te besparen.

 
Digitale tweeling are virtual replicas of physical devices (such as machines) or systems (such as factories) that live in simulated environments. To accelerate R&D and save cost, engineers can conduct rapid testing on digital twins rather than physical prototypes, saving time and money in destructief testen (testen uitgevoerd tot mislukken).
 

4. Build a connected and flexible “smart factory”–learn and adapt to an ever-changing world.

 
In plaats van discrete, lineaire taken te automatiseren, past de ‘slimme fabriek’ zich fundamenteel aan de interne en externe bedrijfsomgeving aan. Het bewaakt het gehele productieproces, van bevoorradingsnetwerken to inventory, machines, individual workers, and tools, making continual data-driven adjustments to achieve specific goals.
 

5. Leverage cloud-based systems (cloud computing) to sync geographically distributed manufacturing facilities

 
Companies with geographically dispersed production facilities and weak analytics are particularly vulnerable to supply chain shocks. The cloud and SaaS solutions increase resilience to globally disruptive events by providing a remote single source of truth. This data repository is accessible from anywhere, any time, on any device, breaking down silos and enhancing collaboration across borders.
 

6. Gebruik 3D-productconfiguratie om producten aan te passen en ervaringen op grote schaal te personaliseren.

 
From personalized sneakers to personalized medicines, demand for customized goods is booming. The rewards for manufacturers that can supply personalized goods are significant–“ personalisatie leiders ” een stijging van 5 tot 15 procent in omzet en een stijging van 10 tot 30 procent in marketing-ROI ervaren.
 
Maar personalisatie kan kostbaar zijn. Het aanpassen van producten betekent meer onderdelen, meer complexiteit en meer fouten. Of doet het dat?
 
Visual product configuration makes configuring and personalizing complex products fast, easy, and accurate. Non-technical sales reps and end-customers can interact with 3D images on-screen to design highly technical products to their exact specifications. Product rules built into the back end of the software prevent mistakes, engineering inefficiencies, and production issues.
 

7. Stroomlijn de samenwerking tussen verkoop-, engineering- en productieteams met CAD en ontwerpautomatisering.

 
Engineering bottlenecks are another reason manufacturers steer clear of supplying customizable goods.
 
It’s all well-and-good sales teams using Fourth Industrial Revolution technologies like artificial intelligence and augmented reality to configure and sell products faster than ever. But without corresponding improvements in engineering efficiency, enhanced sales productivity only causes strain and delays downstream.
 
CAD and design automation solves this problem by automating the most time-consuming and repetitive engineering tasks. A visual CPQ-oplossing Leuk vinden Epicor CPQ auto-generates CAD files, technical drawings, BOMs, CNC cut sheets, and more. The entire end-to-end process is streamlined, from initial sales interaction to finished product, driving efficiency at every stage.
 

De belangrijkste technologieën van de vierde industriële revolutie

 
Digital transformation is driving the introduction of Fourth Industrial Revolution technologies within manufacturing. But digital transformation itself isn’t about technology. Instead, it’s about using new technology to deliver the products and experiences that your customers are actively seeking.
 
We hebben een paar specifieke manieren besproken waarop dit kan gebeuren, van augmented CPQ processes to autonomous robots and AI-driven efficiency in the sales cycle and supply chain. However you plan for the future, ensure it’s about enhancing customer experiences–not just shiny new things.
 
“We must develop a comprehensive and globally shared view of how technology is affecting our lives and reshaping our economic, social, cultural, and human environments. There has never been a time of greater promise, or greater peril.”
 
Klaus Schwab, Founder and Executive Chairman, World Economic Forum

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